A civil infraction, also known as a civil violation or non-criminal offense, is a type of legal violation that typically does not result in criminal charges. It is a minor offense that is punishable by a fine, community service, or other civil penalties, rather than incarceration. Civil infractions are usually governed by civil law or administrative regulations, and they do not carry the same consequences as criminal offenses.
Common examples of civil infractions include traffic violations (e.g., speeding, running a red light), parking violations, littering, and some minor environmental violations. In most cases, individuals who receive civil infractions are issued a citation or ticket and are required to pay a fine or comply with the specified penalties to resolve the matter. Failure to address the civil infraction may result in further penalties or consequences, such as the suspension of driving privileges or the accrual of additional fines.